The Gothic Holy Trinity Chapel at the Castle in Lublin, Poland, was erected in the 14th century. Its interior has unique and ancient polychromy painted in the technique of Byzantine frescoes.
The frescoes were commissioned by Jogaila (1348–1434), Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland, in the late 14th century and painted by a group of three Ruthenians, each of different artistic origin, exhibiting three main individual styles: narrative (Andrzej), hieratic-iconic (Kuryl), and archaizing (Juszko) mannerisms.
Created by placing natural pigments (lime, azurite, malachite, charcoal, and iron clay) mixed with water on fresh plaster, the frescoes were completed at the beginning of the 15th century and are preserved to this day. In 1887, they were discovered under a layer of plaster by the Polish painter Josef Smolinski.
The Byzantine-Ruthenian frescoes in the Chapel of the Holy Trinity are the most impressive and best-preserved wall paintings of this kind in Poland.
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Pictures of the Holy Trinity Chapel
Address: Zamkowa 9, 20-400 Lublin, Poland
Official website: Muzeum Lubelskie w Lublinie