The River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) is one of the most widely planted eucalyptus trees in the world. Although native to Australia, it is also successfully cultivated in the Mediterranean countries and in the west of Transcaucasia. The species can grow to 60 m/ 196 ft tall and to 4 m/ 13 ft in diameter and reach the ages of 500 to 1000 years.
I have seen eucalypt forests in Andalusia (Spain) and central Portugal. They have a minty, pine scent with a touch of honey. The cultivation of Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Eucalyptus globulus (the Tasmanian blue gum) in Spain began at the end of the 19th century. Today, the eucalypts plantations in the country present almost 4% of the national forest area, producing 27% of the country’s industrial wood. Eucalyptus globulus is currently the most common tree species in Portugal (812 000 ha; 26% of the total forest area); it was first introduced in the 1850s in the country.
Medicinal use: Eucalyptus camaldulensis leaves contain 0.27% of the essential oil, consisting of terpene ethers, cineol, pinene, and phellandrene; also flavonoid aromadendrin, and other active chemical components. Although this essential oil has milder properties than other eucalyptus species, its effectiveness against the herpes virus has been proven by clinical studies. It is also very beneficial for diseases of acute respiratory and urogenital tract infections and helps expectoration.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern
My Amazon Picks
These are affiliate links. See disclosures for more information.