Salisbury Crags are a series of cliffs in Edinburgh’s Holyrood Park. They rise to 46 m (151 ft) above the city and has been popular with local climbers for generations.
Holyrood Park is a green oasis in the heart of Edinburgh. Its famous landscape was created by volcanoes and ice. The igneous rock of Salisbury Crags, located in the park, dates back 345 million years to the Carboniferous period. Geologically, this rock is a sill formed when magma inside a volcano found its way into a crack and then hardened.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the Earl of Haddington organized the quarrying of the cliffs providing stone to pave London streets and all over the country. Almost 50,000 tons of rock were removed between 1815–1819.
The Salisbury Crags ridges were of great importance in the development of modern geology. The scientist James Hutton, who lived at the foot of them in the second half of the 18th century, discovered an unconformity there, which, together with other discoveries and studies, led him to establish a theory of the age of the Earth. These cliffs are formed by steep dolerite and columnar basalt.
Salisbury Crags are at the center of the park, with the extinct volcano of Arthur’s Seat to the east, in Edinburgh, the southeastern part of Scotland.
I liked Salisbury Crags and all of Holyrood Park for that matter, it is a great place to visit if you want a bit of an escape from the city. Not many of them have a big, wild mountain in the middle of it. Salisbury Crags make a wonderful place to sit awhile in the occasional summer sunshine. So you can be in the wild and the city at the same time.
There are many different routes through Holyrood Park, suitable for all abilities. My hiking took about 45 minutes to get to the top of Salisbury Crags. The path is well marked and definitely worth the effort. From the top, there are excellent views of Castle Rock and the center of Edinburgh.
I hope you enjoyed my Picturesque Scottish scenery: Salisbury Crags post. If you like nature and the beauty of nature and scenic landscapes, here are a few more posts that I recommend you read next:
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